A miscarriage is always devastating to parents who have been trying to conceive. While experiencing one miscarriage can be distressing, having to go through two or more can be overwhelmingly traumatic for a couple. Suffering multiple miscarriages is a good indication that you need to see a fertility specialist. Recurrent pregnancy loss is often a sign of an underlying fertility problem that requires treatment before a successful pregnancy can occur.
Miscarriage: The Facts
It is not unusual, nor necessarily worrisome from a medical point of view, for a woman to experience one miscarriage. It is thought that 15% to 20% of all pregnancies end in miscarriage. Of these, approximately 75% of the miscarriages will occur during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. A woman’s risk of miscarriage decreases after the first miscarriage. However, after a second pregnancy loss, the risk of miscarriage rises and continues to rise with each subsequent miscarriage.
It is generally accepted that the main cause of miscarriage in the first trimester is due to a chromosomal abnormality, usually a one-off occurrence that will not affect future pregnancies. It has been estimated that as much as 50% to 60% of all miscarriages that happen in the first trimester are due to a chromosomal abnormality. However, chromosomal abnormalities are not the only explanation for a miscarriage. There are other factors that can contribute to pregnancy loss, many of which can cause multiple miscarriages if left untreated.
It is always necessary for hormone levels to be at normal amounts for a successful pregnancy to happen. When these levels go out of whack, the repercussions can prevent implantation from occurring or inhibit proper development of the endometrial lining, making it difficult for the uterus to sustain a pregnancy. Women with thyroid or adrenal gland problems as well as diabetic women have an increased risk of miscarriage because their hormonal levels can be out of synch, especially if the disorder is not properly managed.
A healthy uterus will always help ensure a successful pregnancy. However, women who have a misshapen uterus, a septum dividing their uterus or some other problem with their uterine size or shape are more likely to experience a miscarriage. Although uterine problems can make it especially difficult to sustain a pregnancy, it does not mean that it is impossible to have a healthy pregnancy.
Certain infections, like herpes, chlamydia and German measles (rubella), can cause problems with your reproductive abilities. If left untreated, these infections can interfere with fetal development, thereby resulting in miscarriage.
Regular exposure to harsh chemicals, including arsenic, benzene, ethylene, oxide, lead and formaldehyde has been shown to induce miscarriage in pregnant women. Minimizing your exposure to chemical toxins can help lower your chances of ex...